Community Assessment 2018

Community Assessment for Washington County 2018 

Adopted by L.E.A.P. Board of Directors: 9/9/19 2 

Vision 

L.E.A.P. will be known throughout the community as a highly effective nonprofit agency that provides comprehensive, top-quality programs and outreach services to the public. 

Mission 

We support Individuals and Families in attaining Self-Sufficiency 

By providing Services, Sharing Resources and through Community Collaboration. 

We Value: 

The Resiliency of the Human Spirit 

Each Individual’s Right to Self-determination 

The Integrity and Professional Behavior of Our Staff 

Our Customers’ Engagement and Active Participation in the Services Received 

Our Responsibility and Accountability for the Operation of Quality Programs

Introduction 

Washington County Economic Opportunity Council, Inc. (d.b.a. L.E.A.P) was incorporated in 1966 as a 501(c) 3 to operate as the designated Community Action Agency in Washington County. The purpose of Community Action Agencies is to determine the causes and condition of poverty in their service area and assist individuals and communities in improving economic and social well-being. 

For 2018 L.E.A.P. has an operating budget of $6.5 million. L.E.A.P. is the second largest non-profit in Washington County with approximately 130 employees annually and a total payroll of $4.02 million (wages and fringe). The primary source of revenue for the agency is Federal Grant funds awarded for the operation of traditional Anti-Poverty programs including Head Start/Early Head Start, and Community Services Block Grant. L.E.A.P. is a partner in the Workforce Development System (WIOA) for the operation of DOL programs. In our last audit year, it was determined that for every dollar invested in L.E.A.P. $0.93 goes back into the community as services to support our service area. L.E.A.P. works with a network of community partners, in both the public and private sector, to monitor community needs and work together to reduce the barriers to self-sufficiency. 

L.E.A.P. operates two divisions. The first, and largest division, is Head Start/Early Head Start, an early childhood education program for income qualified and disabled children and families that serves pregnant women and children from birth to 5 years of age. Operating under the Department of Health and Human Services, we have operated our program since 1967. We are authorized to serve 420 children in both Head Start and Early Head Start. We operate five centers around the county and serve those families in the hard to reach places in the county in a comprehensive home visiting program. In addition to operating under strict Performance Standards through the Office of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, we are also a licensed day care provider and regulated by the NYS Office of Children and Families. We are currently operating in the fourth year of a five year grant award. 

The following community assessment will highlight changes in our service area demographics and needs that will force us to address Head Start operations in support of the changing needs of our county. In July of 2018 we filed an application to reduce enrollment based on demonstrated community needs. We anticipate that our new 5 year application that will be filed in 2019 will reflect our response to changing community needs as well. 

The second Division, Career and Family Services, brings the remaining L.E.A.P. programs together into an integrated service delivery model that allows consumers full access to Work Force, nutritional supports, emergency assistance and transportation in a one stop environment. In 2017, approximately 3000 received assistance through this division. The Career and Family Services center also serves as a referral point for customers who have needs that can be addressed by other providers and programs within the community. 

Based on feedback from our 2015 Community Assessment L.E.A.P. has adopted the philosophies and practices outlined in Ruby Payne’s Bridges Out of Poverty. We actively seek to support an individual’s ability to identify the resources necessary for their success. Our role is to help each person access necessary resources and when necessary resources are not available actively work together with community partners to fill those gaps. 

Community Assessment 

L.E.A.P. is required to complete Community Assessment every three years as a condition of continued funding through both CSBG and Head Start. The purpose of the Assessment is to investigate the causes of conditions of poverty, determine local needs, and identify opportunities and gaps in available resources within the community. Our Assessment is widely shared within our service delivery area and used in planning both internally and across the region. The Community Assessment forms the foundation of our agency’s strategic planning process and guides our planning for the services we provide and the direction we take to mitigate the causes of poverty within our communities and reduce the barriers to the achievement of individual self-sufficiency. 

The organizational standards of the Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) require that an assessment include both quantitative and qualitative data specific to poverty and its prevalence in the community. The Assessment must also include the input of stakeholders within the community including the consumers of our services. The Head Start Performance Standard 1302.11 requires that this data be collected and examined as it applies to children and families living in poverty and/or with disabilities within the community. Data contained in this assessment is updated annually as part of the agencies strategic planning and funding application narratives as required. 

L.E.A.P. believes that a true Community Assessment involves input and support across the community and the collection of data from many sources. Our Assessment process began in March of 2018 with a well-attended community meeting. 

The foundation of data collection starts with a Comprehensive Report through Community Commons – a community assessment profile was created for Washington County on March 28, 2018 and updated on November 26, 2018 (unemployment and income numbers). Additional town specific data was obtained through the American Community Survey of the US census and other federal data sources. 

In June of 2018 3 surveys were administered to determine qualitative issues. The first was widely distributed across the county to capture the input of consumers and other residents of our service area. The second survey was provided to partners and community organizations across public and private sectors, the third survey was directed to the staff, volunteers and Board of L.E.A.P. Additional Quantitative Data is incorporated from the United Ways ALICE project. Qualitative data for was obtained from community conversations held during the summer of 2018 around areas of identified community need such as transportation, housing, population health, workforce development and childcare conversations. 

The results of these surveys, quantitative data and community conversations is discussed and summarized in this assessment, including recommendations for agency programming and community wide actions to address the causes and conditions of poverty. 

As with the 2015 Community Assessment, the findings and recommendations will be shared with local government, community partners, schools and businesses. The assessment will be used to drive a

coordinated community response across the service area and for agency planning and service delivery over the next 3 years. 

Washington County – Geography, Economy and Culture 

Established in 1784 Washington County is in northeastern NYS, between the western border of the state of Vermont and the eastern banks of the Hudson River and Lake George. The county is 82 miles long, north to south, and varies from 14 to 26 miles wide with a total of 835.44 square miles. The land is classified as 55% woodland and 32% agricultural. The economy is primarily agricultural with a heavy concentration of small family dairies and orchards. Economic pressure on family farmers has forced an increase in closures of smaller family farms or a conversion from dairy to other agricultural production. Washington County remains one of the leading dairy counties in the state. Agriculture accounts for $224 million of annual revenues (www.co.washington.ny.gov). 

Washington County has a rich history dating back to the French and Indian, and Revolutionary Wars, with many historic sites located throughout the county (Fort Edward, Whitehall and Salem). Communities across the county claim both real and humorous historical identities. For example, Granville is known as the “Slate Capital of the World”, yielding the world’s only source of red slate; the Village of Cambridge is the home of “Pie a la Mode”. The Village of Whitehall is the “Birthplace of the US Navy” and more recently the “Home of Bigfoot”. These identities demonstrate the pride and tradition that characterizes communities across the county. Residents and tourists alike take advantage of the numerous recreational activities including skiing, biking, boating, fishing and hiking. The northern half of the county sits in the Adirondack Park and is characterized as primarily mountainous and forested. The Southern and Eastern part of the county has rolling hills and flatlands. 

The county is divided into 17 towns with 9 incorporated villages spread through the county. The largest town in the county, Kingsbury, located at the middle of the western edge of the county contains Hudson Falls, the largest incorporated village with the county. Hudson Falls is closely aligned with the Village of Fort Edward (located in the Town of Fort Edward). These communities are the central location of county government. These communities are also adjacent to the City of Glens Falls in neighboring Warren County and are considered part of the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

The county is governed by a Board of Supervisors (the elected heard of each town). The county remains the primary provider of social services and supports within the community, including Social Services, Aging, Public Health, Veterans and Youth Programs. There are 11 school districts, all with UPK services which are operated by the districts. 

Demographics 

Washington County has a population of 62,465 (2016 ACS) which, has decreased by772 individuals since 2013. Population is anticipated to continue to fall in the coming years. The population is 51.37% male and 48.63% female. The largest age group is between 18 and 64, with significant growth of those 64 and older and a decline in children under the age of 18 since 2013. 

The population is neither racially nor ethnically diverse, though there is an appreciable increase in the Black/African American, non-Hispanic populations. (The town of Fort Ann has the single largest 7 | P a g e 

concentration of Black African American population located in group quarters (state prison)). Outside of Fort Ann, racial and ethnic populations appear to be consistent across the county. 

Households and families are basic units highlighted in demographic summaries. A household is composed of one or more people who occupy a housing unit, regardless of relationship. Not all households contain families. Under the U.S. Census Bureau definition, family households consist of two or more individuals who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption, although they also may include other unrelated people. Nonfamily households consist of people who live alone or who share their residence with unrelated individuals. (Population Reference Bureau, 2003) 

There are 24,027 households in Washington County. This represents a 6.99% increase in households since 2000. This increased number could be due to increased co-habitation for economic reasons, or any other non- traditional living arrangement. Of those identified households, there are 16,311 families (2016 ACS); this is 571 families less than what was reported in 2013. There are fewer married couple families at 74.1% (74.67%, 2013). There is an increase in the number of Female head-of-family households at 17.5% (17.05%, 2013). 

Poverty in Washington County 

The published poverty rate in Washington County is 12.87% (2016), which is less than the 2013 rate of 13.24%. This rate continues to be below the state (15.47%) and national (15.11%) average for the same period. (The Poverty rate is the composite percentage of the population living in households with income below the Federal Poverty Level (FPL)). The NYSCAAA Poverty Profile for 2017 is Appendix A. 

UNESCO (United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization) provides the following discussion of the challenges of defining what constitutes “Poverty”: 

“Frequently poverty is defined in either relative or absolute terms. Absolute poverty measures poverty in relation to the amount of money necessary to meet basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter. The concept of absolute poverty in not concerned with the broader quality of life issues or the overall level of inequality in society, the concept fails to recognize that individuals have important social and cultural needs. Relative Poverty defines poverty in relation to the economic status of other members of the society: People are poor because they fall below prevailing standards of living in a given societal context.” 

More simply, Dr. Ruby Payne in Bridges Out of Poverty, Strategies for Professionals and Communities provides the following definition: Poverty is the extent to which an individual does without resources. 

You cannot have a realistic discussion of Poverty without acknowledging the inherent limitation of the Federal Poverty level. The current measure of Poverty (FPL) was devised in 1965 and is function of the cost of food – with no consideration to the other costs of living (housing, health care and transportation). The FPL makes little or no adjustments for geographic or demographic considerations (climate, rural/urban). There have been few significant changes to how poverty is measured over the last 50 years.

In 2018 the FPL for a family of 1 is $12,140 annually; The FPL for a family of 4 is $25,100. The FPL or some percentage of the FPL is used to determine eligibility for all publicly funded programs. It is important to remember that 12.87% (7,627 people) of Washington County residents lives at or below these standards. 

In 2012 The United Way launched the ALICE Project to provide a framework and language to measure and understand the struggles of a growing number of households in our communities that do not earn enough to afford basic necessities. ALICE (Asset Limited Income Constrained, Employed) offers a profound look at the challenges of addressing the needs of vulnerable individuals. ALICE households are those households whose income is above the FPL but below an Estimated Household Survival Budget that takes into consideration the bare necessities of living (Housing costs, child care, food, transportation, health care, miscellaneous costs, and taxes). In September of 2018 the second ALICE report was issued for NYS. In this study, of the 24,027 households in Washington County 42% (10,091 households) are living without sufficient resources to meet a minimum standard of living (12% in Poverty and 30% ALICE). 

The ALICE Project estimates that a household of 1 in Washington County needs $21,468 to remain stable in their communities versus the FPL of $12,140. For a family of 4 the difference is even starker – the ALICE Project estimates for a 4 person household (2 adults and 2 children) the annual income for stability is $65,328, the FPL for that same family is $25,100. ALICE households are at significant risk of falling into poverty. Income guidelines/eligibility prohibits or limits assistance to ALICE families. The full ALICE profile for Washington County is shown in Appendix B. 

As we begin to look at poverty in not only the absolute terms (how much money is available as determined by national measures) and take into consideration the causes and conditions of poverty: access to housing, transportation, educational child care, and health care (resources) the challenges of addressing poverty in Washington County become more apparent. It is important to remember that the competition for resources is not limited to those whose incomes are below the FPL. When you consider that and additional 30% of county households are also struggling, the challenges to the most severely under resourced individuals and households are only compounded.

Children in Poverty 

Poverty for Children under the Age of 17 is 18.8% (down from 21.7% in 2013). Within that, of the 1,719 children 5-17 18.9% (1,719) are in poverty. The Poverty rate for Children 0-4 (3073) is 16.8% (555); a significant reduction from the 26.44% (848) in 2013 for the 0-4 demographic. Of children 0-4, little boys are more likely to be in poverty (371/23.1%) than little girls (184/13.19%) 

There has been a 4.2% decline in the total number of children under that age of 4 since 2013 (3207). The reduction in children is supported by County Birth statistics, which are down over the same period, and anecdotal school enrollment projections anticipating declining enrollment. 

Foster Care Children: Washington County Department of Social Services reported that they had eleven children age 0-5 in foster care this year. We served 9 of these children. The two remaining children were served in special programming due to needs determined on individual education plans that exceeded the scope of services that Head Start provides.  

Young Adults 16-24 

A vulnerable population that has emerged over the last several years is young adults age 16-24. Information published annually in County Health Rankings, by the University of Wisconsin shows a growing segment of this age demographic is living in poverty. In 2017/18 they identify that 21% of “Disconnected Youth” in our county live in Poverty. The University of Wisconsin defines this demographic as teens and young adults age 16-24 who are neither working nor in school. National averages are estimated at 12%. As we look at the causes and conditions of poverty, their impact on this age group cannot be ignored and elevates the risk of violent behaviors, addictions and increased emotional deficits. We are beginning to see evidence of the challenges of poverty on this age group with increased reports of contact with law enforcement, drugs and addiction and increased homelessness. 

Households/Families in Poverty 

12.1% of all households in Washington County live in Poverty, compared to a national average of 14.8%. 8.4% of all Family households live in poverty (1376). Female Head of Household families are the more likely to live in poverty (56.4%) than Male Head of Household families (16.3%). 

Senior Citizens 

6.7% of people over 65 live in Poverty (694). This is down from 7.69% in 2013, it is also less than the national average of 9.3%. Woman over 65 (9.16%) are more likely to live in poverty than men in the same group (3.89%). 

Veterans 

Washington County has a proud history of military service. 9.64% of the adult population is a veteran, more than the national average (8.01%) and significantly higher than the state (5.11%). 49% of all Veterans are over the age of 65. 

Persons with Disabilities 

Of the non-institutionalized populations living in Washington County, 8,211 individuals are classified as disabled (13.8 %%). Disabled numbers do not include individuals/children with chronic medical conditions such as Diabetes or food allergies. 

Of the disabled populations, 574 are under the age of 18. Washington County Public Health has 99 children enrolled in Early Intervention Services (Birth to 3 years old) and has 163 children with CSPE plan (3-5 years old). EI and CPSE are not contingent on income. Disabled children in poverty are found in small numbers throughout the county- it is estimated regionally that 3.1% of children with disabilities are in poverty – giving us an estimated 16-20 children under the age of 5 with disabilities live in poverty.

Causes and Conditions of Poverty 

As discussed, Relative Poverty looks at poverty within the context of the social, economic and environmental constraints of a given area. Bridges out of Poverty holds that poverty is defined by a lack of resources necessary to “Get Ahead”. The Causes and Conditions of Poverty define the barriers and resources available (or lacking) to help combat poverty in an area. 

Conditions of Poverty are defined as negative environmental, safety, health and or economic conditions that may reduce investment or growth in neighborhoods or regions where people of low-income live. A condition of Poverty speaks to the state of an individual’s family and community that impact their wellbeing and quality of life. Housing affordability, transportation, and employment opportunities can be considered conditions of poverty. 

Causes of Poverty are defined as negative factors that create or foster barriers to self-sufficiency and/or reduce access to resources in neighborhoods or regions where low income people live. A Cause of Poverty speaks to the demographics which, drive the economy and social values/attitude which, drive public policy. Health Status, housing availability, and education can be considered Causes of Poverty. 

Certain aspects of any given area can be both a cause and condition of poverty, contributing to a cycle of poverty that hampers effective service delivery and impacts the overall health of the community, not just those living in poverty. Bridges out of Poverty holds that individuals require resources to attain self-sufficiency – each person’s needs are a unique as they are. When the resources within the community are unavailable or limited it becomes very difficult for an individual to break the cycle of poverty because there are no resources to draw on. ALICE numbers demonstrate the importance that consideration of housing cost, childcare and transportation as well as employment opportunities has on stability. 

In the following discussions, it is important to remember that the competition for available resources to be stable is not limited to the population of the county living in absolute poverty but all of the 42% who live under the stability threshold outlined in the ALICE project. 

A survey of county residents and consumers identified Housing, Transportation and Employment Opportunities to be the largest areas of need in our county. A parallel survey of providers and community organizations identified those same areas as being where the biggest gaps were when attempting to assist people in meeting their needs. 

Income 

The Median Household income for Washington County is $51,449 – Median household income has been increasing steadily since 2007, up from $44,043, and increase of 15.9%, This is lower than the increase over the same period across New York State (17.4%) but greater than the nations average (13.5%). The per capita income $25,200. The average income per earner is $33,936. An earner is defined as any person over the age of 15 that received any form of income, whether it is wages, salaries, benefits or other types of income, including public assistance. In 2013 the Rockefeller Institute estimated that 25% of income received was classified as “Transfer Income” (Social Security, Medicare, unemployment insurance, welfare programs and other subsidies)

The median income for men is $36,307, higher than the median income for women ($22,781). This disparity in pay is apparent when looking at the number of female head of households who are living in poverty. 

Average weekly wages are $804 (September 2017). Employees in private sector had weekly wages of $748. The average weekly wage in NYS is $1,219. 

Minimum wage in Washington County is $10.40 (2018). The minimum wage will increase to $12.50 by 2021. A living wage is defined as the hourly rate that an individual working full time (2080 hours per year) must earn to support themselves and their families. The living wage is estimated to be $10.95 for a single adult, and 13.88 (per earner) for households with 2 adults and 2 children. The ALICE Project estimates a single adult to need $10.73/hour and earners in a 2 adult/2 child household to earn $16.33/hour ($32.66 – total household) 

Housing 

A housing study obtained by Washington County in 2018 provides a comprehensive view of housing needs in Washington County. There are approximately 29,440 housing units in Washington County, of which 59% are owner occupied. This is a higher proportion of owner-occupied units that the surrounding MSA (53%) and the state (47%). 65% of owner-occupied houses in the county are valued below $200,000. 

23% of available units are occupied by Renters (6771 units). Median Gross Rent for the county is $819/Month. The median gross rent includes all types of housing regardless of the size (bedrooms/sq. ft.) or type of structure (single family, duplex, and multi-family). 

While the precise measure of housing affordability depends a variety of factors, a generally accepted measure of overall affordability within a community is the percentage of a household income devoted to housing costs. HUD defines households who pay more than 30% of their income for housing as “cost burdened”. 

An estimated 3,081 rental households (46%) are paying more than 30% of their income towards, rent, qualifying them as rent burdened. 22% of renters are “severely rent burdened” paying more than 50% of their incomes toward gross rent. 

Fair Market Rent for a 2 Bedroom apartment is estimated to $924. Absent rental subsidies that rent is unsustainable for families living in poverty or any family whose income is below $33,000/year. In 2018 a single parent making $11.00 per hour would have to work 58 hours per week to afford a FMR apartment without assistance. 

Homeless children: We make every effort to serve homeless children. However, the nature of our service area makes it very difficult. For instance, if a family reports to the Department of Social Services for assistance, they are placed out of the service area at motels and hotels. We do our best to serve these children in our Home Visiting program, which does not meet the needs of those parents. These parents need center-based services so they are available to make employment appointments and interviews, or to continue to work to ensure they are able to obtain more stable housing. Although these parents continue to be residents of Washington County, and are supported by Washington County, their placements are outside the public transportation area, and we do not have the resources to transport these families to the center. In the last program year, we served two families with a total of 4 children. 

Transportation 

Washington County is a very rural county, with widely dispersed populations. There is no county wide public transportation. The Greater Glens Falls Transit has a single route through the villages of Fort Edward and Hudson Falls to get to the city of Glens Falls. Liveried transportation (taxis) are the vehicle of choice for Medicaid transportation due to the ability to handle demand scheduling. L.E.A.P., RSVP and the Conkling Center offer transportation for seniors, with priority given for Medical appointments. Community efforts in Granville and Greenwich have successfully developed transportation for seniors to meet local needs. 

79.7% of workers have access to at least one vehicle and drive alone to work. 10.2% car pool. More people walked to work (3.2%) than used public transportation (1%). 4.9% of workers work from home – this is down from 5.23% in 2013. 37.6% of workers have a commute that is longer than 30 minutes. 

15% of renter households have no access to a vehicle as opposed to Owner households (3.5%). The Towns of White Creek, Whitehall and Granville have as many as 25% of households without access to vehicles (ESRI Business Analyst, 2012-2016 ACS). 

Lack of an accessible transportation, public or private which, limits access to employment opportunities, grocery stores and health care is both a cause and a condition of poverty. 

Health and Nutrition 

County Health Rankings, 2018, published by the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin ranks Washington County 27th out of the 62 counties in New York State – this is a significant improvement since 2013 (42). 

There is a growing understanding that a person’s health status is not limited to a physical illness but that external stressors like unstable housing, lack of nutrition, stable income and the environment impact the overall health of individuals and the community. These Population Health Indicators show that the overall health of Washington County has improved in the last five years. In large part this improvement is related to improved poverty rates, unemployment and decreased mortality (University of Wisconsin, County Health Rankings and Roadmaps.) 

A cause of poor health and overall stability is access to Health Services and Providers. Washington County has no hospital located with the county. Residents access urgent and emergency care in hospitals located in neighboring counties or in the state of Vermont. Primary care is obtained through local Health Centers located in the towns of Whitehall, Fort Edward, Granville and Greenwich. In addition to the lack of facilities within the county there is a lack of locally available health care providers; specifically, physicians, mental health professionals, dentists and other medical specialties.  

Affordability of health care is important to health status also. In 2013, 13% of the county was uninsured. The implementation of the Affordable Care Act and New York’s push for universal Health Coverage has seen that number drop to 6% in 2018. 68.2% have private coverage, 40.3% have public coverage (Medicaid/Medicare). 90.3% of employed individuals have health insurance coverage versus 64.4% of unemployed individuals. While health insurance is no guarantee of affordability, insured individuals have better access to care than individuals without insurance. The Kaiser Family Foundation found that in 2016, one in five uninsured adults went without needed medical care due to cost. Uninsured individuals are less likely than those with insurance to receive preventative care and services for major health conditions and chronic diseases. 

Nutrition and access to food resources play a large role in an individual health status. Washington County has 4 major grocery stores in the communities of Granville, Hudson Falls, Fort Edward and Greenwich, and several family owned groceries dispersed throughout the county. Over the last 3 years the discount chain “Family Dollar” has opened in several locations around the county – offering access to greater food choices than was previously available. Convenience stores such as Stewarts and Cumberland Farms offer grocery items, usually with a limited selection at a higher cost. A network of Farmers Markets offers access to fresh produce throughout the summer months. Despite what appears to be improved access to food resources, County Health Rankings shows that food insecurity increased to 12% from 9% in 2014. 

22,891 households were served in Food Panties in 2018. 57.1% of school age children are eligible for free and reduced lunch, up from 46.9% in 2014. Access to food is a cause of poverty – it cost more to access food -either in the travel costs to get to a grocery store or to shop for groceries in local convenience stores. 

Education and Employment 

Education and employment opportunities have a significant impact on the economic well-being of a region by themselves. When looked at together they have an even more profound impact on poverty and an individual’s ability to achieve self-sufficiency. 

Education 

Washington County has a high level of high school graduates, equivalency or higher achievement (83%). The dropout rate for Washington County is 9.28% (higher than the NYS rate of 6.24%) and the HS graduation rate is 79.57% (lower than the state average of 82.14%). 

About 50% of Washington County residents have only a High School Diploma; 30% have some college and the remaining 20% have a bachelor’s degree. It is widely believed that as High School students leave to attend college, either following high school or after attending local community Colleges (SUNY Adirondack and Hudson Valley Community College) and that they do not return to live in Washington County due to a lack of jobs available for this level of individual. This “out migration” may be responsible for the high percentage of high school graduates living in the county, which is higher than New York State and federal figures (40.5%), especially when looked at in the context of lower graduation rates. 

Lack of educational achievement is not necessarily a predicator of poverty status. There are very high levels of individuals with post-secondary degrees who are in poverty, especially in the more remote towns of the county when compared to those that border the Warren and Saratoga county lines. 

Availability of other child development, child care centers and family child care centers, and publicly and state funded preschools: 

Ten out of eleven school districts offer UPK on a lottery system for a minimum total of 412 slots. Hudson Falls has enough UPK slots for every age eligible (4 year old) child, however, for school year 2017-2018, they served a total of 119 children, which is a decrease from previous years. (They have room for 160+ children). 

Updated Data for School Year 2018-2019 School District Total # of Slots # of Sessions/Classrooms Notes 
Argyle 20 1(AM) Fully enrolled at 20 
Cambridge 18 8:30-1:30 5 hours of planned class time Fully enrolled at 18 
Fort Ann 36 2 (1 AM/1 PM) Under enrolled at 32 (4 slots in PM) 
Fort Edward 36 2 (1 AM/1 PM) Under enrolled at 25 (15 in am 10 in PM) 
Granville 40 2 (1 AM/1 PM Under-enrolled at 38 (1 slot in each group open) 
Greenwich No Pre K 0 
Hartford 30 2 (1 AM/1 PM) Under enrolled at 26 
Hudson Falls Will take every age eligible child Planned 8 (4 AM/4 PM) 

(160 total children) 

Total served: 119 

Decrease from previous year’s count of 134. 

Putnam 18 1 Full day (1/2 day first day & follows school schedule) Under enrolled at 3